A term that emerged during the era of Victorian art around the late 19th century, to define an artistic approach to photography. Pictorialism - whose greatest exponents included Alfred Stieglitz (1864-1946) and Edward Steichen (1879-1973) - was part of a larger debate around art and photography that had preoccupied photographers since the 1850s and it was, in part, a reaction against the ease of taking photographs from the mid 1880s. In the 1920s Pictorialism gave way to realism and objectivity in photography, although it never quite disappeared and interest in it continues today.visualartcork
A lighting method that violates natural angles for artistic effect.
An international style of photography in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, characterized by the creation of artistic tableaus and photographs composed of multiple prints or manipulated negatives, in an effort to advocate for photography as an artistic medium on par with painting.