Lighting

EN: Lighting ratio.

Fotografie

The ratio of the brightness of light falling on the subject from the main (key) lightand other (fill) lights. A ratio of about 3:1 is normal for colour photography, greaterratios may be used for effect in black-and-white work.
Mir glossary

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Lighting ratio

The brightness of the main light (key light) compared with the brightness of the fill light(s). A ratio of about 3:1 is normal for photography. It can also be described as the measurement of the degree of contrast between the shadow side and the bright side of your subject.

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Lighting

AKA: LightsMost productions use artificial lighting when filming for various technical and artistic reasons, both on location or on a set. Lighting is designed by the director of photography in consultation with the director, and is the responsibility of the electrical department.

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Lighting

Lighting is responsible for the quality of a film’s images and often a film’s dramatic effect.

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Lighting (for image recording)

The subject is so large it could fill several books.

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Lighting board operator

A member of the electrical department who runs a console thatcontrols the level or intensity of the lights, creating a look for the show. This can besimple or complex, involving intensity matching for shot continuity, on-screen effects,moving light control and synchronized work with other departments, like special effectsand visual effects.

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Lighting crew

AKA: Lighting technician, Lighting techniciansA group of technicians who install, operate, and maintain lighting.

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Lighting department

The section of a production s crew responsible for lighting and other electrical matters during filming. Individual positions within in this department include: Gaffer, Best Boy,Lighting Board Operator, Lamp Operator, Rigging Gaffer, Riggers and genny operator.

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Lighting director, ld

The person responsible for lighting video productions. Also see: Director of Photography.

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Lighting planes

Visualize your subject, or the entire scene, as a series of planes at various angles to the lens. Position lights to reveal or conceal those planes effectively.

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Lighting ratio

The ratio of the intensity of key and fill lights to fill light alone.

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Lighting ratio

The ratio of Key Light plus Fill vs. Fill Light only, using an Incident Light Meter. If the first is 200 Foot Candles and the second 50, the ratio is 4:1, or a 2-stop difference. Optimum and maximum lighting ratios depend upon Subject, Mood, medium, and type of reproduction, as well as on personal taste. In television, a timid ratio is 2:1, a dramatic one 8:1 or more. Film and slides can handle higher ratios than video and printed photos. Also see: Brightness Ratio. Consolation: if it were less confusing, imagine how crowded our craft would be. Tip: Many experienced pros use their eye in addition to, or instead of, a meter.

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Lighting technician

A member of the electrical department that is responsible for operating lights and lighting equipment on a set.

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Lighting with paint

A pail of oil paint on a drab Location and an ounce of grease paint on a pale face (see: Makeup) may work better and faster than Painting with Light. Also, what some artists do on canvas.

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Lighting pattern

: this is the way the light falls on the subjects face. A particular pattern of light and shadow that is created.

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Lighting ratio

: is a comparison between the intensity (brightness) of the main light and the fill light and thus the difference of the lit and shadow sides of the subject’s face.

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Lighting ratio

The ratio from the brightest (highlight) to darkest part (shadow)of the subject. .

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